Know More About The New Education Policy 2020
The government’s Ministry of Education (earlier Ministry of Human Resource and Development) has come up with a new Education Policy that will completely revamp the current education system. Being the first of its kind policy in three decades, it introduces a system where the children don’t have to depend on the rote system but can show and apply their knowledge. Here are the salient points of the policy that you need to know of.
- The current structure of 10+2 will be changed to 5+3+3+4 structure. The first five years will be the Foundational stage (ages three to eight) where there will be in two levels – three years pre-school and two years for the current first and second standard. The Preparatory Stage (ages eight to 11) will be for three years. Middle school (ages 11-14) will be three years, and Secondary school (ages 14-18) will be four years.
Source: Times Now
- Students could choose any of the subjects in which they take Board exams, depending on their individualised interests, as per the policy. The focus will be on testing the concepts and knowledge application of the student. Students could take Board Exams up to two occasions during any given school year, one main examination and one for improvement.
- This will be followed by higher secondary school where the Science, Arts, Commerce divisions will be removed. Students can pick from the subjects they want.
- Vocational integration from Class Six onwards. Subjects like music, arts, coding, sports, etc. will be made available. Vocational education will be integrated over the next decade into all schools and Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in a phased manner over the next decade.
- The curriculum will focus on the core essentials – ideas, key concepts, applications and problem-solving. Emphasis will be given on critical thinking and learning that is more holistic, discovery-based, analysis-based, inquiry-based and discussion-based. Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements.
- There will be a focus on culture, language and the Indian Knowledge Systems. Students will have three languages they can pick, which need to include two Indian languages. The choice of language will be determined by states, regions, and students. Mother tongue to be a medium of instruction till 5th grade.
- Technology will be an integral part of the education system. E-Content in English, Hindi and regional languages would be developed. The schools will be digitally equipped. National Educational Technology Forum, NETF would be founded to facilitate this.
- The state and union territory governments will have to make an implementation plan to ensure universal foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools for all learners by grade three. This has to be achieved by 2025.
- The Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will replace UGC and AICTE and will remain distinct for accreditation, regulation, funding and academic standard setting.
- The curriculum of all HEIs shall have credit-based courses and projects in the areas of environmental education, community engagement and service, and value-based education. An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will be established that would store the academic credits earned from various recognised HEIs digitally so that the degrees from an HEI can be awarded taking into account credits earned. So if required, someone can change colleges in between, and earlier earned credits will be taken into account.
- The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct entrance examinations – similar to USA’s standardised aptitude test (SAT) – for admissions to universities across the country.
- The undergraduate degree will be of either three or four-year duration. It will have multiple exit options within this period: a certificate after completing one year in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after two years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a three-year programme. The four-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programme, however, shall be the preferred option. Students pursuing a four-year degree programme would have an option of getting a degree with Research if the research process is completed in the area of study as specified.
- For the master’s level, one can opt for one or two-year course. For a student who has completed a four-year graduation with research, a one-year master’s course will be available. For those with three years Bachelor degree, a two-year master’s course will be available. M.Phil is being discontinued. A combined bachelors and masters course of five years will continue.
- Under the NEP the world’s top 100 foreign universities will be “facilitated” to operate in India through a new law.
- By 2030, there will be at least one large multidisciplinary college in every district.